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HOW WILLARD CLAY WORKS -(Non-Technical Version)

Willard Clay is a soft, clay mineral included in the Smectite Group. Willard Clay contains a mineral known as Montmorillonite as well as gypsum and calcium carbonite.

When distilled water is mixed with the Willard Clay, the Montmorillonite crystals break apart and recombines to form a new aluminum-silicate molecule in what is called a colloidal suspension.

This new aluminum-silicate molecule has a negative (-3) ionic charge an alkalinity (pH) of about 8. A pH of 7 is neutral.

Willard Clay then worksin two ways:

1. Ionic combination
2. Raising the pH level

Ionic Combination

Most heavy metals and toxins in the body have a positive (+) ionic charge. When the aluminum silicate molecule comes in contact with the heavy metals and toxins, the two combine to form a new molecule removes the heavy metals and toxins out of the body.

This action, also, increased blood flow through the capillaries and de-sensitives the nerve cells.

Raising pH Levels

The body wants to get to neutral (pH7)

The body, particularly the digestive track tends to be more acidic (Lower pH). This can cause a variety of stomach, digestive and intestinal issues.

Willard Clay is more alkaline (Higher pH) which neutralizes the stomach acid and brings it to pH7 pH8.

The neutral or more alkaline pH helps eliminate the toxins created by the bad bacteria and, also, creates an environment in the body where parasites cannot exist.

Willard Clay is a very soft phyllosilicate group of minerals that form when they precipitate from water solution as microscopic crystals, known as clay.

Willard Clay, a member of the smectite group, is a 2:1 clay, meaning that it has two tetrahedral sheets of silica sandwiching a central octahedral sheet of alumina. The particles are plate-shaped with an average diameter around 1 μm and a thickness of 9.6 nm; magnification of about 25,000 times, using an electron microscope, is required to "see" individual clay particles.

Willard Clay is a subclass of smectite, a 2:1 phyllosilicate mineral characterized as having greater than 50% octahedral charge.

Willard Clay has a permanent layer charge and cation exchange capacity because of the isomorphous substitution in either the octahedral sheet (typically from the substitution of low charge species such as Mg2+, Fe2+, or Mn2+ for Al3+) or the tetrahedral sheet (where Al3+ or occasionally Fe3+ substitutes for Si4+).

This substitution of Mg for Al in the central aluminum plane creates a negatively charged aluminum silicate. The substitution of lower valence cations in such instances, also, leaves the nearby oxygen atoms with a net negative charge that can attract cations.

The individual crystals of Willard Clay are not tightly bound hence water can intervene, causing the clay to swell. The water content of Willard Clay is variable and it increases greatly in volume when it absorbs water.

Chemically, it is hydrated sodium calcium aluminum magnesium silicate hydroxide (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2·nH2O. Potassium, iron, and other cations are common substitutes, and the exact ratio of cations varies with source.

Willard Clay consists of negatively charged, crystalline aluminosilicate platelets. These platelets form pseudo three-dimensional crystals consisting of regular stacks of parallel platelets held together by charge-balancing interlayer counter ions.

Cohesion of the Willard Clay structure is ensured by their hydrogen-bond network that makes the octahedral layer of one platelet stick onto the adjoining tetrahedral layer of another platelet stacked over it.

These layers organize themselves in a parallel fashion to form stacks with a regular Vander Waal gap between them, called interlayer or gallery. In the pristine form their excess negative charge is balanced by cations (Na+, Li+, Ca2+), which exist hydrated in the layer.

Ion Exchange in these minerals is a reversible chemical reaction that takes place between ions held near a mineral surface by unbalanced electrical charges within the mineral framework and ions in a solution in contact with the mineral.

When the Willard Clay is mixed with Pure Water (Distilled or Reverse Osmosis), the H20 molecules breaks the Vander Waal links between the tetrahedral and octahedral layers, which creates negative ions.

Isomorphic substitution within the layers (for example Al3+is replaced by Mg2+ or Fe2+) generates a negative charge defined through the

Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) and for WILLARD Clay is typically 0.92-1.2-mEq/g depending on the mineral

WILLARD Clay has an overall negative charge while many of the toxins and heavy metals have positive charges.

These negatively charged ions are now available to bond with the positively charged toxins and heavy metals in the body.

pH and CEC

Willard Clay works to reduce the acidity of the body, which improves health as well as kills bacteria.

For Willard Clay, the CEC is dependent upon the pH of the clay. This is due mostly to the Hofmeister series (lyotropic series), which describes the relative strength of various cations adsorption to colloids, (Willard Clay is a colloidal suspension) and is usually given as:

Al3+ >H+ >Ca2+ >Mg2+ >K+ =NH4+ >Na+

As the body acidity increases (ie, as pH decreases), more H+ ions become attached to the colloids. They will have pushed the other cations from the colloids and into the body. Thus increasing the body pH, which lowers the body acidity.